What Is CBD?

CBD (Cannabidiol)

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid which was first discovered in 1940. It is one of 113 identified cannabinoids in cannabis plants and accounts for up to 40% of the plant’s extract. As of 2019, clinical research on CBD included studies related to anxiety, cognition, movement disorders, and pain.

What is CBD Molecular structure

Cannabidiol can be taken in multiple ways, including by inhalation of cannabis smoke or vapor, as an aerosol spray into the cheek, and by mouth. It may be supplied as CBD oil containing only CBD as the active ingredient (excluding tetrahydrocannabinol [THC] or terpenes), CBD-dominant hemp extract oil, capsules, dried cannabis, or prescription liquid solution. CBD does not have the same psychoactivity as THC, and may change the effects of THC on the body if both are present. CBD, however, does not produce any of the narcotic effects that are associated with THC. – Wikipedia

CBD vs THC

CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is the second most prevalent of the active ingredients of cannabis (marijuana). While CBD is an essential component of medical marijuana, it is derived directly from the hemp plant, which is a cousin of the marijuana plant. While CBD is a component of marijuana (one of hundreds), by itself it does not cause a “high.” According to a report from the World Health Organization, “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential…. To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”

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Read the World Health Organization’s CBD report.

Legality

Is CBD Legal?

CBD is readily obtainable in most parts of the United States, though its exact legal status is in flux. All 50 states have laws legalizing CBD with varying degrees of restriction, and while the federal government still considers CBD in the same class as marijuana, it doesn’t habitually enforce against it. In December 2015, the FDA eased the regulatory requirements to allow researchers to conduct CBD trials. Currently, many people obtain CBD online without a medical cannabis license. The government’s position on CBD is confusing, and depends in part on whether the CBD comes from hemp or marijuana. The legality of CBD is expected to change, as there is currently bipartisan consensus in Congress to make the hemp crop legal which would, for all intents and purposes, make CBD difficult to prohibit.

NM CBD Law

Is CBD Legal in NM?

Yes. Hemp-derived CBD is legal in New Mexico, while marijuana-derived CBD is permitted for qualifying patients registered with the state’s medical marijuana program. Like many states, New Mexico has legalized the production of hemp and products derived from it, including cannabidiol (CBD), following suit with federal changes made under the U.S. Farm Bill in 2014 and 2018.

Read more about NM CBD Law

Why is CBD Sometimes Illegal?

The 1970 Federal Controlled Substances Act categorized all types of cannabis, including hemp, as Schedule 1, defined as a substance with a high potential for abuse, no accepted medical use, and a likelihood for addiction. The act prevented further research that may have shed light on beneficial uses for cannabis.

This broad classification was first changed following the passage of the 2014 Farm Bill, which recognized the difference between hemp, which contains less than 0.3% THC by weight, and marijuana, which contains more than 0.3% THC by weight and is still considered to be a Schedule 1 substance.